Libros: Measuring Wellbeing: A History of Italian Living Standards


Giovanni Vecchi publicó Measuring Wellbeing: A History of Italian Living Standards, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2017. xvii + 645 pp., $99 (hardback), ISBN: 978-0-19-994459-0), que fue reseñado para EH.net por Chiara Natalie Focacci, Andrea Incerpi, Marco Molteni, Giovanni Maria Pala, y Andrea Ramazzotti. Ellos señalan: "Measuring Wellbeing offers a multidimensional, quantitative analysis of Italian living standards from the country’s unification in 1861 to the present day. In doing so, it goes beyond the misleading identification of living standards with strictly monetary indexes, broadening the focus to include measures of physical wellbeing and social indicators... 

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Bases de datos: Historical Household Budgets Project

El proyecto Historical Household Budgets pretende reunir información sobre los presupuestos de hogares de los últimos dos siglos para analizar los cambios de largo plazo. En su presentación señalan que el enfoque inicial es la construcción de una base de datos de múltiples temas de los presupuestos de los hogares desde 1800 hasta la actualidad, junto con las medidas asociadas de los niveles de vida. La base de datos histórica de presupuestos de hogares (HHBD) disponible para investigadores incluye cerca de 500 variables, entre ellas: consumo, ingresos y riqueza, salarios y precios al por menor, educación y salud, antropometría y fertilidad, empleo y migración, vivienda, agricultura, acceso al crédito y exposición a los shocks, provenientes de diversas fuentes. Una iniciativa complementaria es la creación de una red de investigadores que comparten datos y desarrollan técnicas para trabajar con los presupuestos de los hogares. Una serie documentos de trabajo promueve la difusión de la investigación en curso.

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The initial focus of the HHB project is the construction of a multi-topic database of household budgets from 1800 to the present day, together with associated measures of living standards. The Historical Household Budgets Database (HHBD) comprises ca. 500 variables including consumption, income and wealth, wages and retail prices, education and health, anthropometrics and fertility, employment and migration, housing, agriculture, access to credit, and exposure to shocks. The HHBD, along with an extensive collection of references is made available to scholars around the world.
A complementary initiative is the creation of a network of researchers who provide and share data, further develop techniques for working with household budgets not collected in the context of modern probabilistic surveys, and undertake substantive research into the history of poverty and inequality. Without imposing top-down direction, the HHB project provides a degree of coordination and direction to the collective effort of this network. A dedicated working paper series promotes the dissemination of on-going research
The initial focus of the HHB project is the construction of a multi-topic database of household budgets from 1800 to the present day, together with associated measures of living standards. The Historical Household Budgets Database (HHBD) comprises ca. 500 variables including consumption, income and wealth, wages and retail prices, education and health, anthropometrics and fertility, employment and migration, housing, agriculture, access to credit, and exposure to shocks. The HHBD, along with an extensive collection of references is made available to scholars around the world.
A complementary initiative is the creation of a network of researchers who provide and share data, further develop techniques for working with household budgets not collected in the context of modern probabilistic surveys, and undertake substantive research into the history of poverty and inequality. Without imposing top-down direction, the HHB project provides a degree of coordination and direction to the collective effort of this network. A dedicated working paper series promotes the dissemination of on-going research

Blogs: The Economic and Business History Society

En el blog de The Economic and Business History Society, destacan el número especial de EEBH, en honor a Christer Lundh, profesor de Historia Económica de la U. de Gothenburg, Suecia. Sobre el mismo resumen: "The original research articles published in this volume expand upon Lund’s work in historical demography and labor market research among other topics. These articles illustrate the strength of social science history and also demonstrate the vast potential of historical research to contribute to answering societal questions in the present day. This issue is guest edited by Susanna Fellman, Stefan Öberg and Klas Rönnbäck, all of the University of Gothenburg."

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Docencia: Recursos de historia económica, social y política

Interesantísimo proyecto volcado en el sitio Recursos de historia económica, social y política, orientado a mejorar el proceso de aprendizaje de la historia económica en las enseñanzas de economía y empresa. Financiado por la Agencia de Gestión de Ayudas Universitarias y de Investigación AGAUR mediante concurso público de ayudas para la financiación de proyectos para la mejora de la calidad en las universidades catalanas, cuyo responsable es el Dr. Miguel Gutiérrez Poch y el becario del proyecto es el estudiante Santiago Colmenares G. El proyecto forma parte de las actividades del Grupo de innovación docente (2009GID-UB / 09: Grupo de innovación docente en la Historia Económica, Política y Social) del Departamento de Historia e Instituciones Económicas de la Universidad de Barcelona. Busca promover el conocimiento, difusión y utilización de diferentes herramientas disponibles online (bases de datos, bases documentales y de fuentes primarias, webs institucionales, colección de imágenes, mapas, vídeos y audios, información general sobre eventos históricos específicos, etc.). 

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Bases de datos: Estadísticas industriales de Rusia

Manabu Suhara publicó el paper Russian Industrial StatisticsSu resumen nos indica: "Historical Russian statistics on industry are discussed in this paper. Russia attained impressive economic development in the century from the emancipation of Russian serfs to around 1960, although growth was interrupted by the October Revolution, the Civil War, and World War II. The mainspring of Russia’s advancement was industrial growth. The mainly agrarian economy, in which the rural population accounted for about 80% of the total at the end of the 19th century, underwent a complete change in economic structure. This Russian success, however, came to an end at the end of the 1950s and beginning of the 1960s. The mining and manufacturing industries, which until then had led the economy, lost vigor, and the industrial economy as a whole withered. This deterioration led to the collapse of the Soviet Union by the end of the 20th century and the start of systemic transformation to capitalism. In this paper we look back at the history of Russia from the viewpoint of industrial statistics. In the first section, we adopt a general view of industrial statistics in Russia under the Tsarist regime. Some estimates of production indices for the industry of the Russian Empire are presented and compared. Then in the second section, production, labor, and capital statistics for Russian industry in the Soviet era are discussed, followed by the third section, in which changes in industrial statistics for Russia’s new era are summarized."

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Artículo: The Relationship between Psychology and Economics: Insights from the History of Economic Thought

Stavros A. Drakopoulos y Ioannis Katselidis publicaron The Relationship between Psychology and Economics: Insights from the History of Economic Thought, en cuyo resumen indican "Psychological ideas had always played a role on the formation of economic thought as can be seen in the works of many influential pre-classical and classical authors. Up to the beginning of the 20th century, there was almost no methodological objection regarding the incorporation of ideas from psychology into economic theories. After this period, a fundamental shift in mainstream economics took place which is also known as the Paretian turn. This conceptual change, initiated mainly by Vilfredo Pareto and completed with the emergence of the theories of choice in the first decades of the 20th century, attempted to expel all psychological notions from economic theory. However, in the last three decades, the increasing appeal of subjective well-being research and especially of the new behavioral economics, re-brought the topic onto the surface. In order to better comprehend and to contribute to the recent discussion concerning the relationship between the two disciplines, the study of relevant views found in history of economic thought is necessary. The paper starts with a brief sketch of the history of the relationship between economics and psychology, focusing also to the recent literature which points to a reconsideration of this relationship. After an examination of psychological ideas found in influential pre-marginalist writers, the paper discusses the arguments supporting the case for the interaction between the two fields. It also suggests that the work of Richard Jennings can be seen as the peak of the early interaction between economics and psychology. Finally, it considers the relevance of these arguments for the current debate concerning the relationship between economics and psychology."

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Artículo: Migrants and the Making of America: The Short and Long Run Effects of Immigration during the Age of Mass Migration

Nathan Nunn ; Nancy Qian y Sandra Sequeira publicaron Migrants and the Making of America: The Short and Long Run Effects of Immigration during the Ageof Mass Migration, en su abstract leemos: "We study the effects of European immigration to the United States during the Age of Mass Migration (1850-1920) on economic prosperity today. We exploit variation in the extent of immigration across counties arising from the interaction of fluctuations in aggregate immigrant flows and the gradual expansion of the railway network across the United States. We find that locations with more historical immigration today have higher incomes, less poverty, less unemployment, higher rates of urbanization, and greater educational attainment. The long-run effects appear to arise from the persistence of sizeable short-run benefits, including greater industrialization, increased agricultural productivity, and more innovation."


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Información biográfica sobre historiadores económicos

Entre el material disponible mediante el sitio de la EHS, información biográfica, siempre interesante, sobre historiadores económicos (a 2009): A BIO-BIBLIOGRAPHY OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL HISTORY

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