Transcribimos una reseña del reciente libro de Steven G. Marks, The Information Nexus: Global Capitalism from the Renaissance to the Present. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2016. xiv + 250 pp. $28 (paperback), ISBN: 978-1-107-51963-3. Steven Marks es profesor de historia en Clemson University, South Carolina, y escribió sobre historia económica y cultural de Rusia, incluyendo How Russia Shaped the Modern World (2003), y Road to Power (1991).
The Information Nexus: Global Capitalism from the Renaissance to the Present fue reseñado para EH.Net por Leonard Dudley (Université de Montréal), quien es autor de Mothers of Innovation: How Expanding Social Networks Gave Birth to the Industrial Revolution (Cambridge Scholars, 2012) y “Language Standardization and the Industrial Revolution,” Oxford Economic Papers (forthcoming).
En la reseña que realizó Dudley de la obra de Marks leemos "In this disruptive study, Clemson University historian Steven Marks redefines capitalism by breathing new life into concepts recycled from nineteenth-century German sociology. In 1877 a young German philosopher, Ferdinand Tönnies, published Community and Civil Society, a book based on his habilitation thesis. Tönnies contrasted two types of social structure, each of which he had come to know during the preceding years of dramatic and often violent change in German society. The Gemeinschaft, or community, was an “organic” society like that of the small town in an agricultural region of northern Germany where he had grown up. Here relationships were “natural,” governed by the proximity of family, neighbors and friends. In contrast, the Gesellschaft, or civil society, was the “mechanical” industrial society like that of the cities he had come to know as a student living in different regions of Germany. Whereas relationships in theGemeinschaft were governed by familiarity and custom, those in the capitalist Gesellschaft were determined by markets and prices.
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